A hydroponic vegetable garden has several advantages. They can help address difficulties without taking up too much room or water, are known to produce crops with high nutritious content, and grow veggies quicker than traditional techniques. This form of agriculture appears to be a foregone conclusion as a main source of fruits and vegetables in the future.
What are the Advantages of Hydroponic Gardening?
1. Hydroponics make the most of available space
Plants produced in hydroponics require significantly less room than plants cultivated in soil. When hydroponics are integrated with vertical farming techniques, they can require up to 99 percent fewer lands than traditional agricultural techniques, depending on the system.
The roots of hydroponic plants do not have to extend out to hunt for nutrients and moisture, which contributes to their reduced footprint. Water and nutrients are provided directly to the roots, either occasionally or continuously, depending on the hydroponic technology used. This implies that each plant’s root system may take up significantly less space, allowing more plants to be grown in a smaller space. When vertical stacking methods are used, it’s clear to see how a hydroponic garden requires a lot smaller area than a typical garden.
Also read: What Is Hydroponics?
2. Hydroponics saves water.
Growing plants in water use less water than growing the same plants in soil, which may seem illogical. Hydroponic plants, in fact, may grow with up to 98% less water than typical growth methods.
What is the significance of this? According to a World Health Organization report from 2019, just 71% of the world’s population has access to clean drinking water. Half of the world’s population will live in water-stressed areas by 2025. Water conservation is projected to become increasingly important as time passes, making agricultural irrigation more complex and less profitable.
Only around 0.1 percent of the water taken in through the roots of a plant is actually utilized by the plant. The majority of them are then expelled into the atmosphere by evapotranspiration. Recirculated water is used in hydroponics systems, allowing plants to absorb what they require while returning the remainder to the system.
3. Hydroponics promote a Micro-Climate
A hydroponic greenhouse or other building may readily hold hydroponic gardening. This means they may create their own microclimates, shielded from many of the challenges that traditional farmers face. They are not at the mercy of pests and do not require the use of a wide spectrum of pesticides. Plants may be cultivated year-round in temperature-controlled environments, independent of the climate or weather outside. Even the amount of sunlight available isn’t an issue with artificial grow lights.